28/06/2024 By admin Off

What is Straight Side Two Point Press?

Straight Side Two Point Press: A Technical Overview


The Straight Side Two Point Press is a crucial piece of machinery in the metalworking industry, used extensively for stamping, forming, and punching operations. Known for its robustness and precision, this type of press is integral to producing high-quality components in automotive, aerospace, and other heavy manufacturing sectors. This article provides an in-depth technical overview of the Straight Side Two Point Press, its design, operation, and applications.

Design and Construction

The Straight Side Two Point Press is characterized by its rigid, straight-sided frame and dual point drive mechanism. These features distinguish it from other types of presses and confer unique advantages in terms of stability and precision.

1. Frame Structure
  • Straight Side Frame: Unlike C-frame presses, which have an open-front design, straight side presses have a closed frame with parallel sides. This design minimizes deflection and ensures uniform distribution of forces during operation, leading to higher precision and repeatability.
  • Materials: The frame is typically constructed from high-grade cast iron or welded steel, providing the necessary rigidity to withstand high loads and stresses.
2. Dual Point Drive Mechanism
  • Two Point Drive: The press is equipped with two drive points, located symmetrically on the ram. This configuration distributes the force evenly across the ram, reducing the risk of tilting and ensuring consistent pressure during the stamping process.
  • Crankshaft and Eccentric Gears: The dual point drive system is often powered by a crankshaft connected to eccentric gears. These components convert the rotary motion of the motor into the linear motion required for pressing.
3. Ram and Slide System
  • Ram (Slide): The ram, also known as the slide, is the part of the press that moves up and down to exert force on the workpiece. In a two point press, the ram is guided by the two drive points for stable and precise movement.
  • Guiding Mechanism: Precision guide rails or linear bearings are used to ensure the smooth and accurate movement of the ram. These guides reduce friction and wear, enhancing the longevity of the machine.
4. Bolster Plate
  • Bolster Plate: This is the stationary part of the press bed where the die is mounted. It is designed to be highly flat and durable to support the workpiece during the pressing operation. The bolster plate is often made of hardened steel to withstand the repeated impacts and pressures.


The operation of a Straight Side Two Point Press involves several key steps and mechanisms designed to ensure efficient and precise metal forming.

1. Tooling Setup
  • Die Installation: The die, comprising the punch and die block, is installed on the bolster plate and ram, respectively. Proper alignment of the die is crucial for accurate operations.
  • Adjustment Mechanisms: Modern presses are equipped with motorized or manual adjustment mechanisms for fine-tuning the position of the die and ensuring optimal clearance and alignment.
2. Material Handling
  • Feeding Mechanisms: Automated feeding systems, such as coil feeders, roll feeders, or robotic arms, are used to feed the workpiece material into the press. These systems ensure a continuous and consistent supply of material, reducing downtime and increasing productivity.
  • Material Positioning: Sensors and positioning devices ensure that the workpiece is accurately placed under the ram before each stroke.
3. Press Operation
  • Cycle Start: The press cycle begins with the motor driving the crankshaft and eccentric gears, converting rotary motion into linear motion.
  • Ram Movement: The ram descends, driven by the dual point mechanism, and exerts force on the workpiece. The uniform distribution of force minimizes deflection and ensures a consistent, high-quality product.
  • Return Stroke: After the pressing operation, the ram retracts, allowing the finished workpiece to be removed and a new piece to be fed into the press.
4. Control Systems
  • Electronic Control Systems: Modern Straight Side Two Point Presses are equipped with advanced electronic control systems that allow for precise control of press parameters, such as stroke length, speed, and force.
  • Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs): PLCs are commonly used to automate the press cycle, control auxiliary equipment, and ensure safety through interlocks and emergency stop features.
  • Human-Machine Interface (HMI): HMIs provide operators with an intuitive interface for monitoring and controlling the press. They display real-time data on press performance and facilitate quick adjustments.


The versatility and precision of Straight Side Two Point Presses make them suitable for a wide range of applications in various industries.

1. Automotive Industry
  • Stamping and Forming: These presses are used for stamping and forming various automotive components, such as body panels, frames, and structural parts. The high precision and repeatability ensure that each component meets stringent quality standards.
  • Deep Drawing: The dual point drive system provides the uniform pressure required for deep drawing operations, producing high-strength, lightweight parts.
2. Aerospace Industry
  • Complex Components: The aerospace industry demands high-precision, complex components. Straight Side Two Point Presses are capable of producing these parts with the required accuracy and consistency.
  • High-Strength Materials: The robust construction of these presses allows them to handle high-strength materials such as titanium and Inconel, commonly used in aerospace applications.
3. Electronics Industry
  • Precision Parts: The electronics industry requires small, intricate parts with tight tolerances. These presses can produce such components with high accuracy, essential for the proper functioning of electronic devices.
  • High-Volume Production: The ability to operate at high speeds and with minimal downtime makes these presses ideal for high-volume production runs.
4. Appliance Manufacturing
  • Sheet Metal Forming: Appliances such as washing machines, refrigerators, and ovens require precisely formed sheet metal components. The Straight Side Two Point Press ensures that these components are produced efficiently and with consistent quality.

Safety Considerations

Operating a Straight Side Two Point Press involves significant risks, and stringent safety measures are essential to protect operators and maintain a safe working environment.

1. Safety Guards and Interlocks
  • Physical Guards: Safety guards should be installed around the press to prevent accidental contact with moving parts.
  • Interlocks: Safety interlocks ensure that the press cannot operate unless all safety guards are in place and functioning.
2. Emergency Stops
  • Emergency Stop Buttons: Easily accessible emergency stop buttons should be strategically placed around the press to allow for quick shutdown in case of an emergency.
3. Operator Training
  • Comprehensive Training: Operators should receive thorough training on the proper use of the press, including safety protocols and emergency procedures.
  • Regular Refresher Courses: Periodic refresher courses help keep operators up-to-date with the latest safety practices and technological advancements.
4. Regular Maintenance
  • Scheduled Maintenance: Regular maintenance ensures that the press operates efficiently and safely. Maintenance activities should include inspecting and replacing worn parts, lubricating moving components, and checking alignment.
  • Safety Inspections: Routine safety inspections help identify potential hazards and ensure that all safety devices are functioning correctly.


The Straight Side Two Point Press is a vital tool in modern manufacturing, offering unparalleled precision, reliability, and versatility. Its robust construction, dual point drive mechanism, and advanced control systems make it ideal for producing high-quality components in a variety of industries. However, the complexity and power of these presses necessitate rigorous safety procedures and regular maintenance to ensure safe operation and optimal performance. As technology continues to advance, the capabilities of Straight Side Two Point Presses will only expand, further cementing their role in the future of manufacturing.

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