What is CNC 5-Axis Traveling Column Vertical Machining Center?
A CNC 5-axis traveling column vertical machining center is a type of computer numerical control (CNC) machine that is used for precision machining of complex shapes and geometries. It is a vertical machining center, meaning the cutting tool is oriented vertically, and it has five axes of motion, allowing for a greater range of movement and flexibility in machining.
The five axes are typically labeled as X, Y, Z, A, and B. X, Y and Z are linear axes that allow movement along the X, Y, and Z planes respectively. A and B are rotary axes that allow for tilting or rotation of the cutting tool around the A and B axes.
The traveling column feature refers to the movement of the column (which holds the spindle) along the Z-axis, instead of the table (which holds the workpiece) moving along the Z-axis. This design allows for larger workpieces to be machined and more rigidity during the machining process.
This type of machine is commonly used in industries such as aerospace, automotive, die and mold, and medical implant manufacturing, among others. Due to its high precision and flexibility, it is often chosen for complex and precise parts.